Your baby has now reached the size of a grapefruit and you may expect a growth spurt soon enough. You may be experiencing some headaches, nosebleeds and lower back pain.
16 Weeks Pregnant – Fetus
Your baby keeps growing at an amazing rate! He or she is now measuring 11.6 cm/ 4.6 inch, the size of a grapefruit, and weighs 104 gr / 3.7 0z – you should get ready for a growth spurt soon enough. The tiny face with the nearly-translucent skin is practicing facial expressions, the eyes (with the eyelids still fused) can sense light, the tiny hands and feet (now actually growing toenails) are elongating and growing stronger, and your little one is busy swimming, flexing his fingers, making grabbing movements, stretching and kicking around in your uterus. The bones are hardening, which means you may already be able to feel your baby kick.
Some may feel their baby move early, but don’t get too disappointed if you don’t – many women don’t feel their baby move until the 18th week or even later. The baby is so tiny that these movements may feel like gas bubbles or as if someone has gently touched your belly from inside. Needless to say, these movements will become less and less gentle as your pregnancy progresses. The increasingly strong kicks may be tiresome, but you will be glad to feel them – you have no other way to know whether your baby is fine without rushing to the clinic.
16 Weeks Pregnant – Symptoms
Your belly is growing, and your spine has no choice but to support the increasing weight. In week 16 of pregnancy, there is a chance that your belly has grown enough to start causing you some back pain. Has it? If the answer is yes, you’re not alone – far from it. Actually, you may say that lower back pain during pregnancy is the second-most-common pregnancy symptom.. after morning sickness. Unlike the latter though, back particular pain is probably here to stay with you until delivery – and it might get worse as your belly keeps growing.
There’s nothing much to do about back pain, just make sure to get as much rest as you can. Another tip is minding your posture. As your belly grows, your center of gravity changes, and many women tend to lean back, pushing their belly and pelvic area forward – bad idea! Do your best to stand (and sit) straight, relax your shoulders and avoid high heeled shoes. A mild exercise routine (yoga does wonders when it comes to posture) and sleeping on your side may help a bit as well. You may give up sleeping on your back altogether in the near future, and it is a good idea to get yourself a quality pregnancy pillow to support your belly.
Your breasts may have started growing a while ago, something most women don’t complain about. They may continue growing until delivery, so if you’ve been thinking about buying a nursing bra, you might want to postpone it until delivery.
You may still be experiencing unpleasant symptoms like heartburn and constipation, bleeding gums and increased vaginal discharge. You may also notice you’re having more headaches than before. This is normal during pregnancy, but if you notice that they’re becoming severe, contact your doctor immediately, as severe headaches can be a symptom of preeclampsia.
Increased levels of pregnancy hormones may make your skin more oily. On the other hand, your skin may also look brighter than ever thanks to the increased blood flow throughout your body – a “condition” called pregnancy glow. The same blood flow may also cause the tiny blood vessels in your nose to rupture, causing occasional nosebleeds. The nosebleeds are usually nothing to worry about – just put some ice on your nose or sit down, lift your face up, pinch your nose and stay there for five minutes or more.
You’re supposed to be gaining weight now, momma! If you eat well and healthy, you should gaining 12 – 15 pounds this trimester, but the numbers may differ if you were underweight or overweight before you got pregnant.
16 Weeks Pregnant – Questions
The delivery is still months away, but you may start thinking where you want to give birth. How do you know what is the right option for you?
1. Where to Give Birth?
Most women choose to give birth in a hospital. If you suffer from a medical condition, it is best to go for the hospital, where you can get all the help you might need right away. It was also found that for women having their first baby, the risk for complications during a home birth is slightly higher. Another thing to consider.
When choosing your doctor or midwife, bear in mind that you will probably give birth at the hospital where your healthcare provider has admitting privileges. Different hospitals may have different approaches and policies when it comes to delivery and personal requests, so do some research to make sure those policies suit you before you choose.
However, if you have a healthy, low-risk pregnancy, you can choose to give birth at home, in a unit run by midwives or in a birth center. Whatever option you choose, make sure your doctor or midwife give you all the needed information about the process, safety and possible complications, how fast you will be transferred to a hospital if something goes wrong and which hospital you’ll be transferred to. Bear in mind that if you choose to give birth at home, epidural will not be available to you. On the other hand, you will have more control over what is happening to you and your newborn baby.